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MA Affiliated Scientific Organizations and National Academies of Science

The world’s National Academies of Sciences represent a unique body of expertise with a unique stature in national policy-making. To help ensure that the MA reached experts in all countries and to help facilitate the dissemination of MA findings within countries, the MA, with the support of the Third World Academy of Sciences and the InterAcademy Panel, established a group of Affiliated Scientific Organizations and Academies of Sciences (ASO). These ASOs received review drafts of the Conceptual Framework, all Assessment chapters and synthesis documents, and have played integral roles in the distribution of reports. The ASO members as of September 2004 includes:


Bosnia and Herzegovina


  • Cameroon Academy of Sciences The Academy was founded in 1990 with the goal of promoting the progress of science and technology for the economic, social and cultural development of Cameroon. (E-mail: icassrt@camnet.cm).

(P.R.) China

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the country's highest academic institution and R&D centre in natural sciences and high technologies.

Chinese Taipei/Taiwan

  • Academica Sinica Academia Sinica, founded in 1928, is the most prominent academic institution in Taiwan, China. The designated mission of Academia Sinica is to support basic and applied research in the sciences and humanities, promote the academic research in China and to carry our research to meet national needs.


  • Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences The Colombian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1929, and in 1933 was recognized as a consultative body of the Colombian government. It promotes scientific research, and in particular, programmes oriented towards enhancing knowledge of the Colombian natural environment and its resources.


  • Academia de Ciencias Medicas, Fisicas y Naturales de Guatemala The Guatemalan Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences was established in 1945 with the purpose of dissemination of cultural studies, the advancement of science, support of scientific and technological research and incorporation of universal knowledge to human progress. (E-mail: accgu03@usac.edu.gt).


  • Indonesian Academy of Sciences (AIPI) The Indonesian Academy of Sciences was established in 1990. The academy currently has 5 scientific committees: Committee on Basic Sciences; Committee on Engineering; Committee on Medical Sciences; Committee on Social Sciences; Committee on Art and Culture. (E-mail: aipi@dnet.net.id).


  • Kenya National Academy of Sciences (KNAS) The Kenya National Academy of Sciences is a learned, non-political, non-sectarian organization that includes all branches of knowledge. It seeks to foster the transformation of the Kenyan economy. The Academy, founded in 1983, has a current membership of 70. (E-mail: knas@iconnect.co.ke).


  • Academy of Sciences Malaysia The Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM), established under the Academy of Sciences Malaysia Act 1994, seeks to: foster and promote the development of science, engineering and technology; promote national awareness, understanding and appreciation of the role of science and technology; provide advice to government on aspects of science, engineering and technology that are important to national development; establish and maintain relations with overseas bodies with the same objectives.


  • Philippine National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) The National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Philippines, was created in 1976 to recognize outstanding achievements in science and technology and to serve as a reservoir of competent scientific and technological manpower for the country. In 1982 the Academy became the advisory body to the President of the Republic of the Philippines on policies concerning science and technology.


  • Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS) The Polish Academy of Sciences was founded in 1952, replacing the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences in Cracow which ceased to act until 1989, when it was formally reinstalled as a learned society. The Academy is a state scientific institution that aims to develop Sciences, its promotion and the advancement of national culture.


  • Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SASA) The Slovenian Academy of Sciencs and Arts (SASA), founded in 1938, is an autonomous institution promoting excellence in sciences and arts and advancing the nation's natural and cultural heritage.

South Africa

  • Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) ASSAf was established in 1996. As part of South Africa's science system, the Academy is an independent, merit-based, "activist" body committed to assisting the nation to find science-based solutions for its problems and to creating science-based opportunities for growth and prosperity.


  • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (RSAS) The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which was founded in 1739, today has 164 members less than 65 years old and nearly 200 age 65 or older. The first of these numbers is fixed; it is not until a member turns 65 that a new member can be elected. The academy also has 164 foreign members for whom there are no age-related rules. Members pursue research in: mathematics, astronomy and space science, physics, chemistry, geo-sciences, bio-sciences, medical sciences, engineering sciences, economics and social sciences, humanistic and other sciences. The Academy bestows awards for outstanding scientific achievements, the most noted of which are Nobel-prizes in Physics, Chemistry and the prize in Economy in Memory of Alfred Nobel.


United Kingdom

  • The Royal Society As the UK's independent national academy, The Royal Society, founded in 1660, with a current membership of 1300 fellows, represents the British scientific community within Britain and in relations with individuals and groups of scientists throughout the world. The Society is a registered charity and has an endowment from which it runs much of its work. It also receives an annual parliamentary grant-in-aid to support specific activities. It publishes five internationally respected peer-reviewed journals, including Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society, the world's oldest scientific publication, which first appeared in 1665.


  • African Academy of Sciences (AAS) The AAS was started in 1985 as a continent-wide, professional, non-political and non-profit scientists organisation. It was established with the aim of developing into a pan-Africa forum to champion science - led development in Africa.

Scientific Organizations

  • Asia Pacific Environmental Innovation Strategies (APEIS), Japan The objectives of APEIS are to develop scientific knowledge-based tools and innovative strategy options to promote informed decision-making for sustainable development; to promote regional cooperation and capacity building, and to propose a model of a concrete regional initiative that substantiates and realizes the Plan of Implementation for the World Summit on Sustainable Development.
  • Central Asia Regional Environment Center (CAREC), Kazakhstan The Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC) is one of the institutions incorporated into the network of similar centres (RECs) established in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States (Hungary, Russia, Caucasus, Ukraine and Moldova). CAREC's mission is to develop co-operation among NGOs, governments, businesses, donors and other stakeholders for environment and sustainable development (E&SD); and to increase public participation in the environmental decision-making process, thereby assisting in the further development of the civil society.
  • Fundacion Instituto Latinamericano de Politicas Sociales (ILaPS), Argentina The ILaPS is an NGO that promotes an interdisciplinary approach to sustainable, ethical, and equitable development in Latin America. The mission of ILaPS is to promote the integration of human development in areas such as: health, education, socio-economic equality, environment and the management of natural resources. (Email: filaps@infovia.com.ar).
  • Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI), Brazil The IAI is an intergovernmental organization supported by 19 countries in the Americas dedicated to pursuing the principles of scientific excellence, international cooperation, and the open exchange of scientific information to increase the understanding of global change phenomena and their socio-economic implications. With the recognition for the need to better understand the natural and social processes which drive large scale environmental change, the IAI encourages interactive exchanges between scientists and policy makers. The goal of the IAI is to augment the scientific capacity of the region and to providing information in a useful and timely manner to policy makers. Its primary objective is to encourage research beyond the scope of national programs by advancing comparative and focused studies based on scientific issues important to the region as a whole.
  • International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) The primary objectives of the Centre shall be to help promote the development of an economically and environmentally sound mountain ecosystem and to improve the living standards of mountain populations", especially in the HKH Region. In pursuing its mandate, ICIMOD works mainly at the interface between research and development and acts as a facilitator for generating new mountain-specific knowledge of relevance to mountain development.
  • Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA) GIWA was launched in 1999 and will be completed in 2004. GIWA is meant to provide a comprehensive, strategic framework for the identification of priorities for remedial and mitigatory actions in international waters, including marine and freshwater, for 66 areas around the world.
  • Crop Science Society of America The Crop Science Society of America (CSSA) is an educational and scientific organization comprised of more than 3,500 members dedicated to the advancement of crop science. Founded in 1955, the Society is truly international in scope with members in more than 100 countries who are advancing the discipline of crop science by acquiring and disseminating information about crops in relation to seed genetics, genomics, biotechnology, and plant breeding; crop physiology; crop production, quality and ecology; crop germplasm resources; and environmental quality.
  • American Society of Agronomy Founded in 1907, the American Society of Agronomy (ASA) is dedicated to the development of agriculture enabled by science, in harmony with environmental and human values. The Society supports scientific, educational, and professional activities to enhance communication and technology transfer among agronomists and those in related disciplines on topics of local, regional, national, and international significance.
  • Soil Science Society of America The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) is an educational and scientific organization comprised of more than 5,500 members dedicated to the advancement of soil science. The Society is international in scope with members in more than 100 countries who are advancing the discipline and practice of soil science by acquiring and disseminating information about soil chemistry, soil biology, soil physics, soil genesis and classification, soil mineralogy, soil conservation and land use and environmental quality. Our membership includes academic teachers and researchers, government employees, private consultants, graduate and undergraduate students.
  • The Ecological Society of America The Ecological Society of America is the nation’s leading professional society of ecologists, representing over 8,000 ecological researchers in the United States, Canada, Mexico and more than 70 other nations. Founded in 1915, ESA seeks to promote the responsible application of ecological principles to the solution of environmental problems through scientific reports, journals, research, and expert testimony to Congress. The Society convenes a conference every summer featuring the latest findings in ecological research which attracts 3,000 scientists and students, as well as members of the media.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is the world's largest general science organization, seeking to “advance science and innovation throughout the world for the benefit of all people.” Founded in 1848, the AAAS is perhaps best known as publisher of the journal Science . With more than 138,000 members and 272 affiliated societies, the AAAS serves as an authoritative source for information on the latest developments in science and bridges gaps among scientists, policymakers, and the public to advance science, science education, and the effectiveness of science in the promotion of human welfare
  • The National Council for Science and the Environment The National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE) has been working since 1990 to improve the scientific basis for environmental decision-making. The Council's approach to science is embodied in the new phrase "sustainability science." Supported by over 500 academic, scientific, environmental, and business organizations, and by federal, state and local government, the Council works closely with the many communities that create and use environmental knowledge to make and shape environmental decisions.
  • The Geoindicators Initiative (GEOIN) of the International Union of Geological Sciences has been working since 1994 to develop conceptual tools for tracking rapid geological change that takes place within a normal human lifetime. With contributions from a widespread network of earth scientists from many countries and sub-disciplines, GEOIN has constructed an annotated checklist of geoindicators.
© 2005 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment